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Acne: pimples | blemishes | zits | marks | cysts | scars

Acne is the most common chronic skin disease, which causes lesions, spots and oily skin primarily on the face, chest and back due to infected skin pores. It especially affects adolescents, but it is not age-specific. Acne vulgaris is the medical term for common acne.


Acne isn’t caused by bad hygiene or diet related problems, as is widely believed. It can also be genetic.

It is caused by hormonal stimulation in both men and women, such as testosterone, which increases sebum production from the sebaceous glands present in the tiny hair follicles, making skin greasy and form spots.

However, if the pathway to the skins surface is blocked, the pore becomes infected and inflamed, which results in a red, swollen, pus-filled bump.

However, it does not necessarily mean that a person has excessively high levels of testosterone. Women may also have acne during their menstrual cycle and pregnancy due to hormonal imbalance.


Acne can be determined by examining spots, pimples, blackheads or nodules. The doctor suggests the prescription, depending on the intensity of the symptoms.

Acne Symptoms

Acne is more than simply the appearance of a pimple – it has several signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Blackheads
  • Crusting of skin bumps
  • Cysts
  • Papules/red, bumpy skin
  • Pustules
  • Redness around the skin eruptions
  • Scarring of the skin
  • Whiteheads

The areas where acne develops on your skin are:

  • Face – facial acne affects every patient.
  • Back – Almost 50% acne patients experience acne on the back.
  • Chest – one in 6 acne patients experience rare chest acne.

Types of Acne

There are two different types of acne:

Non-Inflamed Acne – this consists of microcomedones, blackheads, milia and skin bumpiness. It doesn’t cause redness or pain but may lead to inflamed acne if left untreated.

Inflamed Acne – causes redness, swelling, and inflammation with microcomedones, blackheads, and milia, along with papules and pustules. The appearance of nodules and cysts is also possible. Its intensity varies, with cystic acne being its most severe form.

Acne-Related Conditions – Pigmentation And Scarring

Acne patients may experience some sort of pigmentation, discolouration and scarring. Other related conditions may include discolouration and the appearance of reddened spots that often persist after the healing of the breakout.

Acne Treatment Services Available At CosMedocs

It’s never a good idea to leave acne untreated for long. CosMedocs’ Skin Therapists offer a powerful medical acne treatment regimen based on each skin type specifications. At CosMedocs, we offer the following treatment options:


Get Rid Of Acne – Appoint Us For Your Acne Treatment

Our acne treatment services are available at all of our clinics in the UK (Harley Street, Portsmouth, Birmingham, Derby and Nottingham) and Dubai. Contact us now for an appointment and let our expert dermatology team to take care of your acne problem by using the most suited method for your skin.


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