In our 20s skin has a healthy glow and there are little signs of ageing. Skin is supple with great elasticity and collagen support. There is minimal visible sun damage and virtually no wrinkles. However, this is THE most important decade for skin care that will significantly affect how your skin will age for the rest of your life, hence the key word is PREVENTION.
On a daily basis our skin is exposed to the sun and free radicals. In order to protect our skin a broad spectrum sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays should be used which act as filters to UV light. 90% of the features of premature skin ageing result from exposure to UVA and UVB rays. They break down collagen, create free radicals and inhibit natural repair.
Free radicals cause damage leading to cell dysfunction which in turn affects the body’s ability to make collagen, causes premature wrinkling, precancerous and cancerous skin lesions. The most common causes of free radicals are excess sun, smoking, stress and obesity. Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E can neutralise free radicals and help to prevent and repair damage. This anti-aging treatment option can be obtained in a sensible diet and with topical antioxidant products.
Unfortunately due to excessive marketing of cosmetics readily available at high prices, people are inappropriately targeted, overwhelmed by variety, and unaware that these products contain limited ‘active’ ingredients. Cosmeceuticals on the other hand are anti aging treatments that are clinically proven to deliver a tangible and biological result in the skin. These are usually sold in aesthetic clinics and can be combined to suit each skin type and target particular concerns.
INTRINSIC AGEING of the skin due to our genetics begins in our mid-late 20s. Collagen and elastin production slows down along with cell turnover. Dark circles, visible pores, fine lines, wrinkles, uneven skin tone and dullness may begin to appear.
It is very important that a good skincare regime is taken up and adhered to. Along with the earlier recommendations made for 20s skin care, the following should be added:
Limit initial use of retinol creams as skin begins to tolerate retinol.
It is often in late 20s that individuals first request injectable treatments, the most common procedures are outlined below:
Visible signs of ageing tend to appear in the 30s; fine lines, brown spots, facial veins and old acne scars. Skin care continues similar to that recommended in the 20s with sunscreen, antioxidants, alpha hydroxy acids and vitamin A products. However, some professional aesthetic procedures may enhance their benefits and slow the ageing process further.
During the 40s fine lines can develop into deeper static lines, visible with or without facial expressions, which can significantly age the appearance. There is a greater loss of collagen and elastin which is compounded by the hormonal changes that many women experience during this period. Skin can become drier, thinner and more fragile with dark spots and uneven tone. Volume loss becomes noticeable with the formation of tear troughs, cheek flattening, jowls and grooves from the nose to the mouth. Here are some valuable tips and treatments that can help target these changes.
The menopause brings dramatic changes in appearance as oestrogen levels drop. Skin can be sensitive and dry whilst wrinkles and age spots are more pronounced. Collagen and elastin breakdown is more prominent. It is important to focus on skin tightening and rejuvenation. It is often at this age that individuals consider more invasive procedures such as surgery. The options below concentrate on less invasive procedures. Many of the products and treatments recommended for the 40s can be continued with some additions.