Hyper Pigmentation is a particular condition of skin that causes the darkening of certain areas of skin. It is primarily caused by the overproduction of ‘melanin’ a skin pigment. This condition is quite common in both genders belonging to any of the ethnic group especially in the ethnicities with light complexions.
Hyper pigmentation is usually a harmless condition but in some cases it may also be a symptom of illness or any disease. Most of the people are concerned about this condition because of its aesthetic implications which disturbs them and cause stress and anxiety.
There are two major reasons due to which hyperpigmentation occur;
There are different types of hyperpigmentation which falls in anyone of the following categories, according to their causes;
Some of the other causes are as follows;
For mild pigmentation, microdermabrasion prove to be an effective hyperpigmentation treatment. It improves the rough and sun damaged skin through skin exfoliation and lightens pigmentation. It also aids in diffusing the active care products in skin. This hyperpigmentation proved to be highly effective when used in combination with chemical skin peel treatment.
Skin peels for hyperpigmentation treatment give improved and enhanced results when other topical therapies are unable to provide desired results. Chemical skin peels have essential and natural skin care ingredients including Lactic, Salicylic and Glycolic Acid which helps in skin resurfacing and also increase cell turnover. This treatment may be used alongwith other topical therapies to achieve optimal results. Chemical skin peels are available in varying depths and strengths to suit different skin types. The unique Peel to Reveal by Harley Street Formulations offers a cocktail of powerful skin brighteners infused in TCA/Lactic/Salicyclic to provide intense skin rejuvenation and correction of hyper pigmentation.
IPL (intense pulse laser) make use of the broad spectrum light contrary to the single wavelength lasers. It helps in clearing up the dark spots, age spots and hyperpigmentation caused by sun damage and ageing. IPL make use of the intense pulse light that usually needs 3-6 treatments sessions to clear the skin and give even skin tone. The treatment has no downtime.
Dermaroller also referred to as micro-needling make use of a special dermaroller device which gently rejuvenates the skin and improve pigmentation. This hyperpigmentation treatment helps in reduction of pigmentation by increasing cell turnover while at the same time during treatment powerful anti-oxidants and skin brighteners are infused into the skin.
All the above mentioned hyperpigmentation treatments have fewer side effects as they are custom tailored according to the skin type and severity of the skin condition of the patient. The common side effects associated with chemical skin peel, microdermabrasion and dermaroller and IPL for hyperpigmentation treatments include redness of skin, slight itching or discomfort. In professional hands at CosmeDocs, the side effects are minimal.
Almost all of the hyperpigmentation treatments have none to very little downtime. Patients can instantly resume their daily and routine activities without any severe problem.
No, you should have realistic expectations. These hyperpigmentation treatments do not completely eliminate hyperpigmentation however it will be significantly lightened and will almost become invisible.
The choice of the hyperpigmentation treatment depends largely on the types of skin and extent of skin condition. The doctor will conduct a complete examination of the skin in initial consultation and will recommend a hyperpigmentation treatment which will suit best to your condition and skin type.
This is largely determined by the severity of your hyperpigmentation. However, 40%-50% improvement is mostly observed after the first treatment session. You can have significant reduction in hyperpigmentation after receiving 2-3 treatments.
There is a possibility of hyperpigmentation. If you observe any darker area on your body as compared to rest of skin, it is most likely to be hyperpigmentation.
You can take some preventive measures in your daily life.