Why promote the cultures of plant stem cells for skincare
The trends in skin care industry are changing and of all the fastest growing is the use of plant stem cells. This trend has particularly emerged due to the controversial use of embryonic, human stem cells in skincare, during last few years, which has ethical as well as moral implications. As a result, the scientists and researchers started to look for the alternative which leads to the discovery of botanical stem cell innovation.
Why use Plant Stem cells?
The largest and the oldest organisms that are still living on the face of earth are definitely the plants. We have such plant species that can endure the harshest of climatic conditions and still survive and thrive like redwood trees in California that have been there for hundreds of years and Swiss apples which can sustain in even harshest of cold and hot weather.
This signifies that there are certain undifferentiated cells that are located in the meristems of plants. These are the inception of energy of plant that is responsible for supplying the nutrients throughout the structure of plant thus forming its numerous tissues and organs. This entire mechanism helps in preserving the life of plant because due to immobility it’s not possible for it to flee from danger.
Plant stem cells basically possess the ability of reconstructing themselves into new cells and cell types which mean that if the plants get destroyed by fire or climatic or environmental changes, there cells sustain and they repair and redevelop into new cell types.
Using the plant stem cells for skin repair
In the realm of skincare, we want to generate new cells in order to grow or regenerate specialised tissue cells. Plants stem cells possess the capability of regeneration or repair and to grow into new cell types. They help in repairing and regenerating the plants from the assaults of environment and they give the wound healing abilities to the plants. What we need is to harness the same capability for our own skin.
The botanical stem cells are immortal as they never undergo the ageing process and keeps on regenerating themselves, giving birth to specialised and unspecialised cells. They possess the potential of growing into any organ, cell or tissue in the body. Due to their multifunctional ability, they generate a powerful balm of nutrients that comprise of abundance of amino acids, proteins and sugar that are extracted and used in the skin care products.
How plant stem cells are harvested?
Plant stem cell is taken by the scientists and wound is created. This traumatises it and makes a callus. Once the callus gets healed, the scientists extract the nutrient balm out of it. They add water or glycol to it and grow it in a Petri dish. The process is almost similar to making of tea. This results in the production of stem cell culture which is then mixed into the various skin care formulations.
Function of stem cells culture in skin care
With the help of these stem cells, the traumatised or damaged skin heals up. These plant cells act as potent anti-oxidants and are significant for inflammation, protection from UV rays and in slowing down the cells ageing process.
Kinds of Plant Stem Cell Culture
- Utweiler apple and edelweiss plant stem cell
The most popular types of stem cell culture are Utweiler apple and edelweiss. Both of these stem cells help in healing the damaged or inflammed or traumatised skin tissues. It helps in stimulating the properties of dermal and epidermal repair. It is also a potent antioxidant that combats with the internal as well as external ageing factors along with regulating the skin’s adaptability to the harsh climatic conditions.
- Lilac plant stem cell
Another innovative plants stem culture found in the market lilac plant stem culture. According to different studies the enzyme generated by these stem culture causes a 40% reduction in acne lesions. It acts as tyrosinase inhibitor and helps in slowing down the production of sebum. It’s also been used in the skin lightening products as it has been found to be beneficial in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It has anti-inflammatory qualities, decreases the trans-epidermal water loss and is a highly potent antioxidant.
- Argan stem cell
This is another botanic stem cell available which helps in accelerating the skin’s natural process of repair while toning, firming and tightening the skin. It also revitalises and protects the dermal layer of skin. There are numerous studies conducted by its manufacturers indicates that it works in the dermis and helps in reducing the depth of the wrinkles by 26% along with increasing the density of skin and stimulating the production of collagen and elastin.
The above mentioned stem cells are just the few out of 20 that are presently available in the market. There are numerous plants that are under study to grow their mediums and cultures for using into skin care products.
How Plant Stem cells Affect Skincare?
The culture grown from plant stem cell is power packed with the potent anti-oxidants, amino acids , sugars and proteins that stimulates and invigorates the damaged and sluggish skin cells that have slowed down due to process of ageing.
This improves the overall health of skin cells providing strong resilience against free-radicals. This also helps in fighting against the cells decay and the nutrients in these stem cultures help in preserving the functions of skin.
Benefits of botanical cultures in present Skin Care
Though the plant stem cell cultures cannot replace the significance of alpha hydroxy acids in skin care but they can definitely support and enhance the effects of powerful antioxidants such as peptides, Vitamin C and Retinoic acid that helps in skin stimulation.
- Strengthening and empowering skin regeneration process
The aim of using botanical cultures is to energise and strengthen the process of skin cells regeneration, repair and UV rays protection and to supply high quality of powerful and useful anti-oxidants inside the skin by complementing active ingredients in the skin care product formulations.
- Removing moral and ethical concerns
The use of botanical stem cells cultures has also helped in alleviating the moral and ethical procurement concerns that are strongly connected to the human stem cells culture.
If we look into the future of plant stem cell culture, it has a long way to go. It has just cracked opened the door towards a highly innovative and exciting research opportunities towards plant stem cell culture. There is tremendous variety of plant options available for stem cell culture and with each passing year new stem cells will be available through research and study, further enhancing the benefits for skin care and enabling people to remain young and youthful for longer.